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American Bulldog

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American Bulldog

The American Bulldog is a medium-sized molossian type dog.

Powerful, compact and athletic, it has a well-developed bone structure and musculature.

There are 2 types of American Bulldogs.

The first, called Bully, is stockier, has a shorter muzzle and a well-marked stop.

The second, called Standard, is higher on legs and more slender, while remaining massive.

Its muzzle is also longer.

The majority of dogs these days are hybrids. In other words, crosses of the 2 types Bully and Standard.

Historical

The American Bulldog descends from the « Old English Working Bulldog », once used by the British for herding and guarding cattle.
Many of the English migrants who arrived in the United States took their working dogs with them.
It is precisely in the United States, and particularly in the south-eastern states of the country (Georgia, Alabama, Florida), that the most powerful and athletic specimens have been selected over the course of the selections to give rise to the breed as we know it today.
John D. Johnson developed the Bully type, while Allan Scott originated the Standard type.
The first dogs of the American Bulldog breed were registered by the National Kennel Club in 1970.
At the time, they were called American Pit Bulldog.
They then received the name of American Bulldog to no longer confuse them with the Pitbull.
The American Bulldog breed has not yet been recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.
In France, the French Club of the American Bulldog was created in 1999.
American Bulldog

Physical peculiarities

His hair: hard, very short, almost flush.
Its color: white, with or without colored markings, or plain with white markings.
Its head: large, wide and powerful.
The stop is well marked, especially in the Bully type.
Its ears: medium in size, set fairly low, set well apart and folded at the sides.
His eyes: small, dark in color.
Its body: massive, but harmonious.
The neck is strong, the chest powerful and broad, the back straight and the croup oblique.
Its tail: strong at its attachment, refining to the end, hanging down at rest and carried above the line of the back when the dog is active.

Behavior with others

The American Bulldog is a dog cut out for work with its intelligence, its power and its activity, but which also turns out to be an excellent companion for the whole family, even for children. More docile than many other molossoids, he is unfailingly loyal and devoted to his master.
The American Bulldog is much more reserved, even suspicious of strangers.
Vigilant and courageous, he therefore perfectly guards the house, without being unnecessarily aggressive.
As a family, he is jovial, playful and expressive.
It is, moreover, characterized by a tendency to want to dominate congeners, especially in male subjects.

Education

It is essential to establish a sense of hierarchy in this dog very early on.
The master must be the leader of the pack by being firm, but fair.
The American Bulldog must also be socialized early in order to reduce its belligerent temperament towards its congeners of the same sex.

Living conditions

Dog built for work and activity, the American Bulldog is not really made for life in an apartment, even if he appreciates the warmth of the home and his family.
It is aimed at people who are available and know how to educate it with firmness.

Health

The American Bulldog is a generally robust and resistant dog. However, the breed has a predisposition to certain diseases, including the following: hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia and hernias.

To read more on wikipedia

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