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Australian shepherd

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Australian shepherd

The Australian Shepherd is an affectionate dog that does not lack character.

A dog built for activity and work, the Australian Shepherd has all the physical and mental aptitudes to fulfill various missions.

Medium-sized, agile and intelligent, he fits perfectly into family life and adapts to a variety of living environments, as long as you don’t let him get bored.

In recent years, this breed has enjoyed great success in the hearts of the French.

Historical

Contrary to what its name implies, the Australian Shepherd is not native to Australia.

Indeed, this breed was developed in the United States by farmers in the 1900s in order to have a dog capable of rounding up livestock. Even if many theories contradict each other, the real cradle of this breed would be Basque. In fact, the ancestors of the Australian Shepherd were dogs of Basque origin imported to North America, then to Australia.

In the 19th century, in the Pyrenees region between France and Spain, many (especially pastors) would have had to move and leave the area for lack of work. Some would have gone to Australia at a time when the country was becoming a major producer of wool and therefore of sheep.

These pastors had dogs very similar to the Australian Shepherd and their skills were highly appreciated for herding. They would then have taken the road to the United States.

On the other side of the Atlantic, the Australian Shepherd saw its popularity increase after the Second World War. From then on, he showed off his versatility and intelligence to cattle ranchers.

Today, if he continues to accompany shepherds and farmers, the Australian Shepherd is also an excellent companion for the whole family.

Australian shepherd

Physical peculiarities

  1. His hair: straight, sometimes slightly wavy, he is not afraid of bad weather.
  2. It is also of medium length, double (presence of outer coat and undercoat), shorter on the head and ears in particular, forming a light mane in males.
  3. Its color: blue « merle », red « merle », red or black, with or without white spots or tan markings.
  4. His head: flat or slightly rounded top of the skull, well proportioned in relation to the whole, with the flat or slightly rounded top of the skull.
  5. The length of the muzzle and the width of the skull are practically the same.
  6. Its ears: triangular and drooping, they are attached high.
  7. His eyes: almond-shaped, they can be amber, brown or blue, or even a combination of these colors including flecks.
  8. They display a look full of intelligence, liveliness and vigilance
  9. His body: it is less high than long.
  10. The ribs are arched, the croup slightly sloping and a high chest.
  11. Its tail: straight, it should not measure more than 10 cm.
  12. Behavior and character

Behavior with others

  • This breed is made for action although they are not quarrelsome by nature.
  • The Australian Shepherd is rather mischievous and curious.
  • Instinctively, he is quite capable of leading or guarding a herd.
  • Not very fragile, it easily endures long days.
  • He has no trouble adapting to family life as long as he can get busy.
  • The Australian Shepherd is a dog with remarkable intelligence.
  • He is also appreciated for his loyalty, his energetic side and his balanced temperament.
  • A very pleasant companion for the whole family, he is a little more reserved towards people he does not know. At work, the Australian Shepherd demonstrates his versatility, his drive, his agility and his insight.
  • Qualities that allow him to effectively drive the herds entrusted to him and to adapt to a variety of tasks

Education

It can start from the age of 2 months if you want to properly discipline it to make it a pet.

On the other hand, it is very important to offer him an education that is both firm, but without violence.

Brutality is unbearable to him, the Australian Shepherd educates himself by focusing on rewards and encouragement.

Its permanent activity and its strong character require good socialization.

It is also recommended to share with him a canine activity (agility, canicross, etc.) to ensure his development.

Living conditions

The Australian Shepherd is not really made for apartment living.

He prefers houses with gardens to give free rein to his sporty temperament.

This is a breed that enjoys company and demands as much affection as it does action.

It is therefore necessary to remember to take it out quite often and avoid leaving it alone for too long.

If he needs authority, you have to tell him gently.

Rather resistant to bad weather thanks to its double coat, the Australian Shepherd must however benefit from a shelter protecting it from difficult climatic conditions.

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